Belly fat affects immune system function in complicated ways. Central obesity, or excess belly or visceral fat, can affect health by altering the immune system.
Inflammation: Extra abdominal fat releases pro-inflammatory cytokines and adipokines into the bloodstream.
Insulin Resistance: Abdominal obesity is commonly associated to insulin resistance. Insulin resistance can cause persistent inflammation and immune system dysfunction.
Immune cell composition change: Increased belly fat alters adipose tissue immune cells. These alterations may impede immune surveillance and unbalance immunological response.
Relation to Autoimmune Conditions: It appears that abdominal fat may raise the risk of autoimmune diseases. In autoimmune diseases, the immune system overreacts and attacks its own tissues.
Healthy weight and lifestyle changes may reduce the immune system's detrimental impacts of belly fat. In addition, people with immunological health difficulties should consult with doctors for specialized counsel.