Plants are primary producers in ecosystems, converting sunlight into energy through photosynthesis.
They play a crucial role in nutrient cycling by absorbing and storing essential elements from the soil.
Plants provide habitat and food for various organisms, supporting biodiversity.
Through transpiration, plants contribute to the water cycle by releasing water vapor into the atmosphere.
They help prevent soil erosion by stabilizing the soil with their roots.
Plants influence climate by absorbing carbon dioxide during photosynthesis and releasing oxygen.
Many ecological interactions, such as pollination and seed dispersal, depend on plants.
Overall, plants are foundational to ecosystem health, providing numerous ecological services essential for life on Earth.