Tornadoes: The Devastating Twisters of Mother Nature

Formation: Tornadoes form within severe thunderstorms when warm, moist air collides with cold, dry air, creating a rotating column of air known as a vortex.

Enhanced Fujita Scale: Tornado intensity is measured on the Enhanced Fujita (EF) scale, ranging from EF0 to EF5, based on estimated wind speeds and damage severity.

Characteristics: Tornadoes exhibit a funnel shape, connecting the vortex to the thunderstorm base, with the funnel often visible due to condensation.

Wind Speed: Wind speeds in tornadoes can range from less than 100 mph for weaker tornadoes to over 200 mph for the most powerful.

Path of Destruction: Tornadoes leave a path of destruction, causing damage to structures, uprooting trees, and scattering debris.

Duration: Tornadoes can last from seconds to hours, influenced by thunderstorm dynamics and environmental conditions.

Tornado Alley: Regions like the central United States, known as Tornado Alley, experience higher tornado frequency due to favorable atmospheric conditions.

Safety Measures: Tornado watches and warnings are issued to alert residents, prompting them to seek shelter in designated safe areas and reinforcing public awareness for preparedness.

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