The Science of Plant Functions: Plant Physiology

Plant physiology explores the internal processes and functions of plants at the cellular and molecular levels.

Photosynthesis is a key process, where plants convert sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide into glucose and oxygen.

Transpiration, the loss of water from plant surfaces, helps regulate temperature and facilitates nutrient uptake.

Plant hormones, like auxins and gibberellins, control growth, development, and response to environmental stimuli.

Nutrient absorption occurs through root systems, where specialized cells facilitate the uptake of water and minerals.

Plant respiration involves the breakdown of glucose to release energy for cellular activities.

Plant defenses, such as the production of secondary metabolites, protect against herbivores and pathogens.

Understanding plant physiology is essential for optimizing agricultural practices and enhancing crop productivity.

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