Traditions from the Mediterranean region influenced the Mediterranean diet. The diet is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds with olive oil as the main fat.
Low red meat, sweets, and moderate fish, poultry, and dairy intake are also important. The Mediterranean diet may improve body weight and abdominal obesity, as well as cardiovascular health.
Olive Oil: The Mediterranean diet relies on olive oil's monounsaturated fats. These lipids may improve belly fat distribution and body composition.
Whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and legumes in the Mediterranean diet are fiber-rich. Fiber improves satiety, regulates blood sugar, and supports digestive health, which can help maintain a healthy weight.
The diet is rich in antioxidants, which protect cells from oxidative damage. Oxidative stress may cause belly obesity, according to studies.
Protein from fatty fish contains omega-3 fatty acids, which reduce belly fat and improve metabolic health.