Spring: In the spring, start with cool-season vegetables like lettuce, radishes, and peas. It's also the ideal time to plant flowering bulbs such as tulips and daffodils for a colorful display.
Late Spring: As temperatures rise, transition to warm-season vegetables like tomatoes, peppers, and squash. Annual flowers like marigolds and petunias can be planted for vibrant summer blooms.
Early Summer: Continue planting warm-season vegetables, and consider adding herbs like basil and cilantro. This is also a suitable time for annuals like zinnias to enhance your garden's aesthetic.
Midsummer: Focus on maintaining and harvesting your existing plants. Deadhead flowers to encourage continuous blooming, and ensure adequate water for your garden's health.
Late Summer: Prepare for fall by planting cool-season crops like broccoli and carrots. Start planning for spring by planting bulbs like crocuses and daffodils.
Early Fall: As temperatures cool, focus on planting perennials and trees, taking advantage of the milder weather for optimal root establishment.
Late Fall: Consider cover crops like winter rye to protect and nourish the soil during the winter months. Plant spring-blooming bulbs like snowdrops for early flowers.
Winter: While outdoor planting is limited, use winter for garden planning, ordering seeds, and maintaining indoor plants. Consider pruning and shaping trees and shrubs during this dormant period.