Insulin resistance can cause abdominal obesity through physiological causes. Pancreatic insulin regulates blood sugar (glucose) levels and helps cells store excess glucose.
When cells become insulin-resistant, glucose absorption is less effective, raising blood sugar. Insulin resistance may cause belly fat for several reasons:
High Insulin Levels: To overcome insulin resistance and control blood sugar, the body initially produces more insulin. However, high insulin levels can enhance belly fat storage.
Insulin resistance increases lipogenesis, the process by which the body turns carbs into fat. This can increase belly fat.
Chronic low-grade inflammation is linked to insulin resistance. Inflammation affects visceral fat formation. Metabolically active visceral fat releases inflammatory chemicals that worsen insulin resistance, generating a feedback loop.
Insulin resistance can be treated by eating well, exercising, and maintaining a healthy weight. If you're worried about insulin resistance or abdominal obesity, see a doctor for a personalized assessment and treatment.