Plant Classification and Taxonomy

Plant taxonomy is the science of classifying and naming plants based on their shared characteristics and evolutionary relationships.

The hierarchical classification system includes divisions, classes, orders, families, genera, and species.

Binomial nomenclature, introduced by Carl Linnaeus, assigns each plant a two-part Latin name, comprising the genus and species.

Plants are broadly categorized into two main groups: vascular plants (with specialized tissues for water and nutrient transport) and non-vascular plants (lacking these tissues).

Vascular plants are further divided into seedless plants (ferns and mosses) and seed plants (gymnosperms and angiosperms).

Angiosperms, or flowering plants, represent the most diverse group and are characterized by enclosed seeds within fruits.

Angiosperms are classified into monocots and dicots based on the number of cotyledons (seed leaves) and other morphological features.

Plant classification helps scientists investigate and communicate about the huge array of plant species by understanding evolutionary linkages, ecological roles, and biodiversity.

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