With over 25,000 species and 100,000 hybrids, orchids are one of the most diverse blooming plant groups, offering a remarkable variety of forms, colors, and sizes.
All continents except Antarctica have orchids, which can thrive in tropical rainforests, temperate grasslands, and deserts.
Reproductive Strategies: Orchids depend on complex connections with pollinators like insects, birds, and bats. To attract pollinators, certain orchids resemble and smell female insects.
Many orchids grow on other plants, frequently trees, without harming them. They use this adaptability to get sunshine and nutrients from forest canopies.
Specialized Structures: Orchids feature a lip or labellum for pollinators and a column for male and female reproductive organs.
Vanilla orchid: The Vanilla orchid (Vanilla planifolia) is grown for its flavored beans and as an economic crop.
For their beauty, orchid aficionados nurture and hybridize orchids, creating a broad variety of cultivars and hybrids.
Representation: Orchids are symbolic in many cultures. Many cultures equate them with love, beauty, and luxury. Individual orchid species may have cultural significance.