For seed propagation, collect mature plant seeds and place them in suitable soil or trays. Maintain moist soil until seeds germinate, then move seedlings into pots.
Propagation: Ensure healthy parent plants have a node (joint) for root development when taking cuttings. Place the cutting in soil or water with rooting hormone until roots grow, then transplant into a larger pot.
Division: Split mature plants with many branches or clumps into smaller parts with roots. Putting these divisions in separate pots or places will make them independent plants.
When layering, encourage a branch or stem to grow roots while still linked to the parent plant. Burial a portion of the stem in soil or a rooting media until roots grow, then detach the new plant from the parent.
By grafting, two plant components from different species can grow together. Commonly used for fruit trees. Secure the graft and let it grow into a new plant.
Succulents and other plants often develop offsets or "pups" around their base. Replant these little plants in their own containers after gently separating them from the parent.
Plants like lilies can generate offsets or bulblets from the main bulb. Divide and plant these bulblets to create new bulbs and plants.
Air Layering: Grow roots on a branch while staying connected to the parent plant. Cover a branch with moist moss and plastic until roots grow. Cut and place the branch below the new roots.