How Excess Fat Around the Middle Contributes to a Higher Risk of Cancer.

Abdominal or visceral fat increases the risk of various health conditions, including cancer. This fat is metabolically active and can release compounds that impact the body. How much belly fat raises cancer risk:

Cytokines and adipokines from abdominal fat cells cause chronic low-grade inflammation throughout the body.

Excess abdominal fat causes insulin resistance, which reduces cell response to insulin. Insulin resistance increases blood insulin levels, which may stimulate cancer cell development.

These hormones raise the risk of hormone-related cancers such breast and colorectal cancers.

Fat produces signaling chemicals called adipokines, which affect cell behavior. Some adipokines may enhance cell proliferation and survival, causing cancer.

Angiogenesis—the formation of new blood vessels—is necessary for tumor growth. Fat cells may release chemicals that stimulate angiogenesis, supplying nutrients and oxygen to tumors.

Cancer type affects excess belly fat and cancer risk. In particular, abdominal obesity increases the risk of colon, breast (postmenopausal), ovarian, pancreatic, and liver cancers.

Healthy living reduces the incidence of abdominal fat-related cancer. This involves weight management, a balanced diet, and frequent exercise. Early detection and frequent health checks can also identify and treat cancer risk factors. 

Watch this space for further developments.