Hotspots for Biodiversity in Rainforest Flora

Epiphytes: Rainforests host a vast array of epiphytic plants, including orchids, ferns, and mosses, which grow on trees to access sunlight in the crowded forest canopy.

Giant Trees: Towering trees like the kapok and mahogany provide a diverse array of habitats, supporting a multitude of species in their canopies, trunks, and roots.

Medicinal Plants: Many valuable medicinal plants, such as the rosy periwinkle (source of anti-cancer drugs) and the cinchona tree (source of quinine for treating malaria), originate from rainforests.

Carnivorous Plants: Unique flora like pitcher plants and sundews have evolved to capture and digest insects, adapting to nutrient-poor soils.

Buttress Roots: Trees in rainforests often have large, above-ground buttress roots that provide stability in the nutrient-rich but shallow soils.

Fruit Diversity: Rainforests are known for their incredible diversity of fruits, from the iconic tropical fruits like bananas and pineapples to exotic varieties like durians and rambutans.

Bromeliads and Aroids: These unique plants have adapted to the rainforest environment, with bromeliads collecting water in their central cups and aroids often displaying large, distinctive leaves.

Rafflesia arnoldii: Known as the largest flower in the world, this parasitic plant is found in Southeast Asian rainforests and emits a strong odor to attract pollinators.

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