Insulin Resistance: Obesity is often associated with insulin resistance, a condition where cells struggle to respond to insulin, leading to elevated blood sugar levels and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
Inflammation: Adipose tissue in obese individuals can release inflammatory substances, contributing to chronic low-grade inflammation, a factor linked to various diseases, including cardiovascular disease.
Dyslipidemia: Obesity is often accompanied by dyslipidemia, characterized by elevated levels of triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), increasing the risk of atherosclerosis and heart disease.
Hypertension: The presence of excess body fat can lead to hypertension (high blood pressure), a significant risk factor for heart disease, stroke, and other cardiovascular complications.
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD): Obesity is closely linked to the development of NAFLD, a condition where fat accumulates in the liver, potentially progressing to more severe liver disorders.
Sleep Apnea: Obesity is a major risk factor for sleep apnea, a condition where breathing temporarily stops during sleep, contributing to cardiovascular problems and other health issues.
Increased Cancer Risk: Some cancers, such as colorectal, breast, and endometrial cancers, have been linked to obesity, possibly due to hormonal changes and chronic inflammation.
Joint Problems: Excess body weight places increased stress on joints, contributing to conditions like osteoarthritis, leading to chronic pain and reduced mobility.